History of BPU

The idea to found the Balkan Physical Union was first devised and put in motion by Prof A.Milojevic (Yugoslavia) and Prof. I Ursu (Romania) at the VIII Congress of the Union of Yugoslav Societies of Mathematicians, Physicists and Astronomers (UYSMPA), held in Pristina (Yugoslavia) in Nov. 1985 where the proposal was accepted. The reason leading to the forming of such a non-governmental, non profit scientific organization stemmed from the positive experiences of Scandinavian scientific unions and some other ideas coming from the Mathematical Union.

The first Balkan Physical Union Council meeting was held in Bucharest in 1987, when the Constitution of the BPU was signed by the Balkan National Physical Society delegates from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania and Yugoslavia. Turkey's signature was accepted later.

The first BPU President elected during the first BPU Council meeting was Prof Ioan Ursu, former European Physical Society President.  The Secretary, Dr. Dorobancu from Romania, was also elected and the Secretariat was set up in Bucharest.















In 1989 they were succeeded by Professor Gediz Akdeniz, as President, and Professor Erduran, as Secretary, both from Turkey.

The new constitution was adopted in the 1997 Council held in Cluj, Romania.







The President, from 1997 to 2003 was Professor Christos Zerefos from Greece, with Vice President Professor Matey Mateev from Bulgaria and Secretaries Professor Polychroniadis and Professor Lambros from Greece.














The President from 2003 to 2006 was Professor Ivan Lalov from Bulgaria with Vice President Professor Alexandru Calboreanu from Rumenia and secretaries Professor Lambros from Greece and Professor Arik from Turkey.














Professor Metin Arık was elected president in 2006 with Vice President Professor Marko Popovic from Serbia and secretaries Professor Lambros from Greece and Professor Todorov from Bulgaria.














At the 1990 BPU Council meeting in Tirana, a document called the TIRANA DECLARATION was adopted, emphasizing .."the promotion and improvement of science and exchange of knowledge and information through links pending to be established among scientists which will lead to joint research projects and common programs in the Balkan countries". 








The determination expressed by the Tirana Declaration resulted to the organization of the First BPU Balkan School of Physics on "Accelerator Physics Research and Applications", held in Istanbul, in September 1991.









The first General Conference of the Balkan Physical Union was held in Thessaloniki in September, 1991 and this was not only the first BPU Conference, but also the first, in fact, BPU activity.

























We must recall that at that time, it was a difficult period for most of the Balkan countries, two years after their political changes, when all their citizens faced the difficulties of the transition period. But there was great enthusiasm in the attempt, coming from both the organizers and the participants, to overcome the difficulties that made the organization of the conference even more challenging. The main difficulties arose from the very bad economic situation of the Balkan Physicists who strongly wanted to participate in this historic conference and the difficulty in communication. It must be noted that the greatest part of the communication correspondence was achieved via ordinary post.























In this way the conference organization file includes the signatures of very important people within the Balkan community of Physicists, such as Professors Mejdani, Ursu, Bek-Uzarov, Zlatev, the BPU President at that time Gediz Akdeniz, and the fourth President Ivan Lalov.
























On June 24-26, 1991, a common meeting of the BPU Executive Committee and the Conference Scientific Committee was held in Thessaloniki to prepare the Conference, evaluate all the abstracts and decide on the invited speakers and the oral presentations. It was also an important meeting for the promotion of friendship among Balkan countries and the conference itself to the community of Thessaloniki, which considerably financed the conference.























This meeting was also important due to the presence, among other professors of Physics, of Prof. Kastriot, President of the Albanian Parliament, Prof. Skende, Minister of Science and Technology in Albania and Prof. Mateev, Minister of Education in Bulgaria.










The registration, as well as the Conference took place in the newly-constructed building of the University of Macedonia. In a happy atmosphere, a lot of new friendships were developed, friendships which have lasted up to now and will continue for years to come.



































The opening ceremony was held in the Ceremony Hall of the School of Philosophy in the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. The Minister of Macedonia and Thrace, the Mayor of Thessaloniki and the Rector of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki welcomed the participants and expressed their happiness that Thessaloniki would be the host of the 1st BPU Conference.


























The poster of the conference featured the portrait of Aristoteles, the ancient Greek philosopher.
























These activities were followed immediately by the second BPU Balkan School of Physics concentrating on "Condensed Matter Physics", held in Tirana, in September 1992.



The great success of the BPU1 Thessaloniki meeting encouraged the Balkan physicists to organize the Second Balkan Physical Union Conference in an unexpectedly short time, after only two years, held from 12-14 September 1994. The Second Balkan Physical Union Conference BPU2 was organized in Izmir, Turkey, with an attendance of 800 physicists from the Balkan countries. After the conference, the BPU journal Balkan Physics Letters published in its supplement 1958 papers presented at BPU2 Izmir conference.














The Third BPU3 General Balkan Union Conference was traditionally organized as a common meeting place for all the Balkan area physicists, including a wide range of schollars - from students, lecturers and researchers, to academicians in the field of physics. The conference was held in Cluj-Napoca, from 5-7 September 1997, with the participation of about 1000 participants from 17 countries, delivering 51 invited lectures, 753 oral and poster presentations, of which 669 papers were published in the supplement of the Balkan Physics Letters Journal.







The Fourth General Conference of the Balkan Physical Union was held in Veliko Tırnova, Bulgaria on 22-25 August 2000.










There were 800 participants, 32 invited lecturers and 13 Scientific sections.






The Fifth General Conference of the Balkan Physical Union was organized in Vırnaçka Banya, Serbia and Montenegro on August 25-29 with Aleksandar Beliç as President of Organizing Committee and Stevan Jokiç as President of Scientific Program Committee.








The conference hosted approximately 600 participants with 43 invited talks over 400 contributed oral and poster presentations.










Theparticipants had a great time both academically and nonacademically.






Under BPU's coordination, the Balkan Physics Research Institution and Research Group came into existence. Currently, there exist 5 different research working groups coordinated by various Balkan research centers: Aristotle University in Thessaloniki, University and Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in Sofia, Institute Fisika Atomica Bucharest, University of Istanbul and others in collaborations with European Physical Societies.

There are a lot of proposals under consideration from various countries, offered by the most eminent national research centers, to be included in the BPU research network. There already exist 4 different research centers. Recently the Belgrade center of the Balkan Institute of Metrology at the Vincha Institute was accepted in Thessaloniki in 1997.

Balkan Physics Letters Journal

The first Editor-in-Chief, E. Dorobancu, was appointed by the BPU council in Bucharest in 1987. Recent political and financial turmoil in Romania and the Balkans was the reason for the delay of the first BPL issue. The first issue of Balkan Physics Letters was published in 1993 under scientific responsibility and the auspices of the Balkan Physical Union in Turkey with the support of the Bogazici University Center for Turkish Balkan Physical Research and Applications. Each volume comprises 4 issues a year. The Editor-in-Chief from 1993 to 2001 was Emine Rızaoglu, and since 2002 is Engin Arık. John Freely is also editor since 1994.

The papers submitted to the Balkan Physics Letters journal are by definition supposed to contain: ... "nontrivial new results, ideas, concepts, experimental methods, theoretical treatments etc. and be of interest and importance to one or several section of the physics community"...